Excessive exercise in women can lead to low estrogen levels, ovulation problems, and perhaps osteoporosis or osteopenia (bone loss). Low body mass index (BMI) is linked to amenorrhea (absence of ovulation and periods) or oligomenorrhea (irregular ovulation). On the other hand, inactivity and obesity can have an effect on ovulation and egg quality.
Various levels of physical exercise might affect a woman’s ability to become pregnant. Inadequate or excessive exercise may reduce fertility by negatively affecting ovulation, menstrual periods, egg and sperm quality, and fertility. Exercise both before and throughout pregnancy improves obstetric outcomes and reduces the chance of problems.
Advantages of Exercising
Numerous advantages of exercise include improved mood, posture, self-confidence, and energy levels. Regular exercise may also help with headaches, bloating, constipation, and sleep issues. The chances of developing diabetes and cardiovascular disease greatly decline over time.
If you have never exercised before, pregnancy is not the best time to begin a strenuous fitness regimen. Exercise should ideally begin before becoming pregnant and be done moderately both throughout pregnancy and after giving birth. In the first trimester, it is advised to prevent overheating and to stay hydrated when exercising.
A balanced diet and regular exercise should be recommended for women to maintain a healthy lifestyle both before and after conception as well as throughout pregnancy.